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John Lennon: kites, birds, and G augmented chords

Play enough John Lennon-composed songs -- within The Beatles or without them -- and sooner or later you will run into an augmented chord. It's unfortunate, too, because augmented chords are knotty messes for guitarists. There's never a clean way to voice them and get a "full" sound, mostly because augmented chords are simple three-note constructions. Give me a diminished or a diminished-seventh chord any day over an augmented chord.

But back to John Lennon.

Right at the start of their recording career, The Beatles released "Ask Me Why" as the b-side to their second single, "Please Please Me", and there it is: a Lennon augmented chord. You can hear it in the transition to the bridge, after the words "you're the only love that I've ever had" and before "I can't believe," as the progression moves from the I chord to the I+ chord.

You'll find it again in songs like "It's Only Love", where he uses a V-to-V+ transition at the end each phrase of the verses: "my oh my," "butterflies," "every night," and "very bright."

But in particular, John seemed to like to use the G augmented chord. He used it very early on, in The Beatles' hit single "From Me to You" -- listen closely as they sing "and keep you satis-fied, wooo!" and you'll hear that G-to-G-augmented movement. You can hear that chord again in "Being For the Benefit of Mr. Kite" during the first phrase of the verses: "for the benefit of Mr. Kite", "the Hendersons will all be there," etc.

In "Real Love", John found a way to use the G augmented chord within the key of E major, which is no easy task. Beginning with a simple progression of I-iii-vi (the same progression he uses to open "Across the Universe", "A Day in the Life", and "Anytime at All" to name a few), he turns to the augmented chord on the lyric "lost like some forgotten dream" -- it's a very different effect in this context than when he uses the exact same chord in "From Me to You", "Mr. Kite", or elsewhere.

But getting back to The Beatles' canon proper, there are two songs in which John uses this same augmented chord in the same key as "Real Love", in almost exactly the same way.

It Won't Be Long

First, consider this early-penned composition, found on The Beatles' second studio album, With The Beatles. In the bridge of the song -- "since you left me, I'm so alone" -- John uses this interesting chromatic progression to work his way to a target chord of VI7, and he gets there by way of that G augmented chord:

The bass line simply moves chromatically down the scale -- 1-7-b7-6 -- but the chords that John uses to fill in the space around that descending line are very interesting choices.

And Your Bird Can Sing

By comparison, consider the chord progression from this Revolver track, recorded less than three years after "It Won't Be Long" and certainly with a different groove. Once again, John uses the augmented chord in the midst of chromatically descending line, and just as in "It Won't Be Long", he moves towards a target VI7 chord to end the phrase:

While this chord progression begins at a different starting point than "It Won't Be Long" (the iii chord as opposed to the tonic chord), the movements are incredibly similar and end up arriving at the same destination.


  1. A great article, I'm surprised there aren't any comments. Thank you! I've been noticing John's usage of this chord for a while.

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  5. There's a mistake at the fourth tab of "And Your Bird Can Sing".
    On the "G" string put your little finger on the fourth fret,not on the first!

  6. It Won't Be Long
    (using A,D,G,B strings only)
    e,g#,b,e' (E)4fr
    d#,g,b,d#' (Gaug/D#)4fr
    d,f#,b,d' (D6)3fr
    c#,f,b,c#' (C#7)2fr

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  9. Using an augmented chord on the b3rd of a key, on G in the key of E for instance, is not a difficult task at all. An augmented triad occurs on the b3rd interval of both Melodic and Harmonic minor, so it can be seen as simply a borrowed chord from minor, one of those modes in particular. Still, his perfect and unique use of them in pop music of the time was uncanny and wonderful! Thank you.

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